misskey/CONTRIBUTING.md

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# Contribution guide
We're glad you're interested in contributing Misskey! In this document you will find the information you need to contribute to the project.
> **Note**
> This project uses Japanese as its major language, **but you do not need to translate and write the Issues/PRs in Japanese.**
> Also, you might receive comments on your Issue/PR in Japanese, but you do not need to reply to them in Japanese as well.\
> The accuracy of machine translation into Japanese is not high, so it will be easier for us to understand if you write it in the original language.
> It will also allow the reader to use the translation tool of their preference if necessary.
## Roadmap
See [ROADMAP.md](./ROADMAP.md)
## Issues
Before creating an issue, please check the following:
- To avoid duplication, please search for similar issues before creating a new issue.
- Do not use Issues to ask questions or troubleshooting.
- Issues should only be used to feature requests, suggestions, and bug tracking.
- Please ask questions or troubleshooting in ~~the [Misskey Forum](https://forum.misskey.io/)~~ [GitHub Discussions](https://github.com/misskey-dev/misskey/discussions) or [Discord](https://discord.gg/Wp8gVStHW3).
> **Warning**
> Do not close issues that are about to be resolved. It should remain open until a commit that actually resolves it is merged.
## Before implementation
When you want to add a feature or fix a bug, **first have the design and policy reviewed in an Issue** (if it is not there, please make one). Without this step, there is a high possibility that the PR will not be merged even if it is implemented.
At this point, you also need to clarify the goals of the PR you will create, and make sure that the other members of the team are aware of them.
PRs that do not have a clear set of do's and don'ts tend to be bloated and difficult to review.
Also, when you start implementation, assign yourself to the Issue (if you cannot do it yourself, ask another member to assign you). By expressing your intention to work the Issue, you can prevent conflicts in the work.
## Well-known branches
- **`master`** branch is tracking the latest release and used for production purposes.
- **`develop`** branch is where we work for the next release.
- When you create a PR, basically target it to this branch.
- **`l10n_develop`** branch is reserved for localization management.
## Creating a PR
Thank you for your PR! Before creating a PR, please check the following:
- If possible, prefix the title with a keyword that identifies the type of this PR, as shown below.
- `fix` / `refactor` / `feat` / `enhance` / `perf` / `chore` etc
- Also, make sure that the granularity of this PR is appropriate. Please do not include more than one type of change or interest in a single PR.
- If there is an Issue which will be resolved by this PR, please include a reference to the Issue in the text.
- Please add the summary of the changes to [`CHANGELOG.md`](/CHANGELOG.md). However, this is not necessary for changes that do not affect the users, such as refactoring.
- Check if there are any documents that need to be created or updated due to this change.
- If you have added a feature or fixed a bug, please add a test case if possible.
- Please make sure that tests and Lint are passed in advance.
- You can run it with `pnpm test` and `pnpm lint`. [See more info](#testing)
- If this PR includes UI changes, please attach a screenshot in the text.
Thanks for your cooperation 🤗
## Reviewers guide
Be willing to comment on the good points and not just the things you want fixed 💯
### Review perspective
- Scope
- Are the goals of the PR clear?
- Is the granularity of the PR appropriate?
- Security
- Does merging this PR create a vulnerability?
- Performance
- Will merging this PR cause unexpected performance degradation?
- Is there a more efficient way?
- Testing
- Does the test ensure the expected behavior?
- Are there any omissions or gaps?
- Does it check for anomalies?
## Deploy
The `/deploy` command by issue comment can be used to deploy the contents of a PR to the preview environment.
```
/deploy sha=<commit hash>
```
An actual domain will be assigned so you can test the federation.
## Merge
## Release
### Release Instructions
1. Commit version changes in the `develop` branch ([package.json](https://github.com/misskey-dev/misskey/blob/develop/package.json))
2. Create a release PR.
- Into `master` from `develop` branch.
- The title must be in the format `Release: x.y.z`.
- `x.y.z` is the new version you are trying to release.
3. Deploy and perform a simple QA check. Also verify that the tests passed.
4. Merge it. (Do not squash commit)
5. Create a [release of GitHub](https://github.com/misskey-dev/misskey/releases)
- The target branch must be `master`
- The tag name must be the version
> **Note**
> Why this instruction is necessary:
> - To perform final QA checks
> - To distribute responsibility
> - To check direct commits to develop
> - To celebrate the release together 🎉
## Localization (l10n)
Misskey uses [Crowdin](https://crowdin.com/project/misskey) for localization management.
You can improve our translations with your Crowdin account.
Your changes in Crowdin are automatically submitted as a PR (with the title "New Crowdin translations") to the repository.
The owner [@syuilo](https://github.com/syuilo) merges the PR into the develop branch before the next release.
If your language is not listed in Crowdin, please open an issue.
![Crowdin](https://d322cqt584bo4o.cloudfront.net/misskey/localized.svg)
## Development
During development, it is useful to use the
```
pnpm dev
```
command.
- Server-side source files and automatically builds them if they are modified. Automatically start the server process(es).
- Vite HMR (just the `vite` command) is available. The behavior may be different from production.
- Service Worker is watched by esbuild.
### Dev Container
Instead of running `pnpm` locally, you can use Dev Container to set up your development environment.
To use Dev Container, open the project directory on VSCode with Dev Containers installed.
**Note:** If you are using Windows, please clone the repository with WSL. Using Git for Windows will result in broken files due to the difference in how newlines are handled.
It will run the following command automatically inside the container.
``` bash
git submodule update --init
pnpm install --frozen-lockfile
cp .devcontainer/devcontainer.yml .config/default.yml
pnpm build
pnpm migrate
```
After finishing the migration, run the `pnpm dev` command to start the development server.
``` bash
pnpm dev
```
## Testing
- Test codes are located in [`/packages/backend/test`](/packages/backend/test).
### Run test
Create a config file.
```
cp .github/misskey/test.yml .config/
```
Prepare DB/Redis for testing.
```
docker compose -f packages/backend/test/docker-compose.yml up
```
Alternatively, prepare an empty (data can be erased) DB and edit `.config/test.yml`.
Run all test.
```
pnpm test
```
#### Run specify test
```
pnpm jest -- foo.ts
```
### e2e tests
TODO
## Environment Variable
- `MISSKEY_CONFIG_YML`: Specify the file path of config.yml instead of default.yml (e.g. `2nd.yml`).
- `MISSKEY_WEBFINGER_USE_HTTP`: If it's set true, WebFinger requests will be http instead of https, useful for testing federation between servers in localhost. NEVER USE IN PRODUCTION.
## Continuous integration
Misskey uses GitHub Actions for executing automated tests.
Configuration files are located in [`/.github/workflows`](/.github/workflows).
## Vue
Misskey uses Vue(v3) as its front-end framework.
- Use TypeScript.
- **When creating a new component, please use the Composition API (with [setup sugar](https://v3.vuejs.org/api/sfc-script-setup.html) and [ref sugar](https://github.com/vuejs/rfcs/discussions/369)) instead of the Options API.**
- Some of the existing components are implemented in the Options API, but it is an old implementation. Refactors that migrate those components to the Composition API are also welcome.
## nirax
niraxは、Misskeyで使用しているオリジナルのフロントエンドルーティングシステムです。
**vue-routerから影響を多大に受けているので、まずはvue-routerについて学ぶことをお勧めします。**
### ルート定義
ルート定義は、以下の形式のオブジェクトの配列です。
``` ts
{
name?: string;
path: string;
component: Component;
query?: Record<string, string>;
loginRequired?: boolean;
hash?: string;
globalCacheKey?: string;
children?: RouteDef[];
}
```
> **Warning**
> 現状、ルートは定義された順に評価されます。
> たとえば、`/foo/:id`ルート定義の次に`/foo/bar`ルート定義がされていた場合、後者がマッチすることはありません。
### 複数のルーター
vue-routerとの最大の違いは、niraxは複数のルーターが存在することを許可している点です。
これにより、アプリ内ウィンドウでブラウザとは個別にルーティングすることなどが可能になります。
## Storybook
Misskey uses [Storybook](https://storybook.js.org/) for UI development.
### Setup & Run
#### Setup
```bash
pnpm --filter misskey-js build
```
#### Run
```bash
pnpm --filter frontend storybook-dev
```
### Usage
When you create a new component (in this example, `MyComponent.vue`), the story file (`MyComponent.stories.ts`) will be automatically generated by the `.storybook/generate.js` script.
You can override the default story by creating a impl story file (`MyComponent.stories.impl.ts`).
```ts
/* eslint-disable @typescript-eslint/explicit-function-return-type */
import { StoryObj } from '@storybook/vue3';
import MyComponent from './MyComponent.vue';
export const Default = {
render(args) {
return {
components: {
MyComponent,
},
setup() {
return {
args,
};
},
computed: {
props() {
return {
...this.args,
};
},
},
template: '<MyComponent v-bind="props" />',
};
},
args: {
foo: 'bar',
},
parameters: {
layout: 'centered',
},
} satisfies StoryObj<typeof MkAvatar>;
```
If you want to opt-out from the automatic generation, create a `MyComponent.stories.impl.ts` file and add the following line to the file.
```ts
import MyComponent from './MyComponent.vue';
void MyComponent;
```
You can override the component meta by creating a meta story file (`MyComponent.stories.meta.ts`).
```ts
export const argTypes = {
scale: {
control: {
type: 'range',
min: 1,
max: 4,
},
};
```
Also, you can use msw to mock API requests in the storybook. Creating a `MyComponent.stories.msw.ts` file to define the mock handlers.
```ts
import { rest } from 'msw';
export const handlers = [
rest.post('/api/notes/timeline', (req, res, ctx) => {
return res(
ctx.json([]),
);
}),
];
```
Don't forget to re-run the `.storybook/generate.js` script after adding, editing, or removing the above files.
## Notes
### Misskeyのドメイン固有の概念は`Mi`をprefixする
例えばGoogleが自社サービスをMap、Earth、DriveではなくGoogle Map、Google Earth、Google Driveのように命名するのと同じ
コード上でMisskeyのドメイン固有の概念には`Mi`をprefixすることで、他のドメインの同様の概念と区別できるほか、名前の衝突を防ぐ。
ただし、文脈上Misskeyのものを指すことが明らかであり、名前の衝突の恐れがない場合は、一時的なローカル変数に限って`Mi`を省略してもよい。
### How to resolve conflictions occurred at pnpm-lock.yaml?
Just execute `pnpm` to fix it.
### INSERTするときにはsaveではなくinsertを使用する
#6441
### placeholder
SQLをクエリビルダで組み立てる際、使用するプレースホルダは重複してはならない
例えば
``` ts
query.andWhere(new Brackets(qb => {
for (const type of ps.fileType) {
qb.orWhere(`:type = ANY(note.attachedFileTypes)`, { type: type });
}
}));
```
と書くと、ループ中で`type`というプレースホルダが複数回使われてしまいおかしくなる
だから次のようにする必要がある
```ts
query.andWhere(new Brackets(qb => {
for (const type of ps.fileType) {
const i = ps.fileType.indexOf(type);
qb.orWhere(`:type${i} = ANY(note.attachedFileTypes)`, { [`type${i}`]: type });
}
}));
```
### Not `null` in TypeORM
```ts
const foo = await Foos.findOne({
bar: Not(null)
});
```
のようなクエリ(`bar`が`null`ではない)は期待通りに動作しない。
次のようにします:
```ts
const foo = await Foos.findOne({
bar: Not(IsNull())
});
```
### `null` in SQL
SQLを発行する際、パラメータが`null`になる可能性のある場合はSQL文を出し分けなければならない
例えば
``` ts
query.where('file.folderId = :folderId', { folderId: ps.folderId });
```
という処理で、`ps.folderId`が`null`だと結果的に`file.folderId = null`のようなクエリが発行されてしまい、これは正しいSQLではないので期待した結果が得られない
だから次のようにする必要がある
``` ts
if (ps.folderId) {
query.where('file.folderId = :folderId', { folderId: ps.folderId });
} else {
query.where('file.folderId IS NULL');
}
```
### `[]` in SQL
SQLを発行する際、`IN`のパラメータが`[]`(空の配列)になる可能性のある場合はSQL文を出し分けなければならない
例えば
``` ts
const users = await Users.find({
id: In(userIds)
});
```
という処理で、`userIds`が`[]`だと結果的に`user.id IN ()`のようなクエリが発行されてしまい、これは正しいSQLではないので期待した結果が得られない
だから次のようにする必要がある
``` ts
const users = userIds.length > 0 ? await Users.find({
id: In(userIds)
}) : [];
```
### 配列のインデックス in SQL
SQLでは配列のインデックスは**1始まり**。
`[a, b, c]`の `a`にアクセスしたいなら`[0]`ではなく`[1]`と書く
### null IN
nullが含まれる可能性のあるカラムにINするときは、そのままだとおかしくなるのでORなどでnullのハンドリングをしよう。
### enumの削除は気をつける
enumの列挙の内容の削除は、その値をもつレコードを全て削除しないといけない
削除が重たかったり不可能だったりする場合は、削除しないでおく
### Migration作成方法
packages/backendで:
```sh
pnpm dlx typeorm migration:generate -d ormconfig.js -o <migration name>
```
- 生成後、ファイルをmigration下に移してください
- 作成されたスクリプトは不必要な変更を含むため除去してください
### JSON SchemaのobjectでanyOfを使うとき
JSON Schemaで、objectに対してanyOfを使う場合、anyOfの中でpropertiesを定義しないこと。
バリデーションが効かないため。(SchemaTypeもそのように作られており、objectのanyOf内のpropertiesは捨てられます)
https://github.com/misskey-dev/misskey/pull/10082
テキストhogeおよびfugaについて、片方を必須としつつ両方の指定もありうる場合:
```
export const paramDef = {
type: 'object',
properties: {
hoge: { type: 'string', minLength: 1 },
fuga: { type: 'string', minLength: 1 },
},
anyOf: [
{ required: ['hoge'] },
{ required: ['fuga'] },
],
} as const;
```
### コネクションには`markRaw`せよ
**Vueのコンポーネントのdataオプションとして**misskey.jsのコネクションを設定するとき、必ず`markRaw`でラップしてください。インスタンスが不必要にリアクティブ化されることで、misskey.js内の処理で不具合が発生するとともに、パフォーマンス上の問題にも繋がる。なお、Composition APIを使う場合はこの限りではない(リアクティブ化はマニュアルなため)。
### JSONのimportに気を付けよう
TypeScriptでjsonをimportすると、tscでコンパイルするときにそのjsonファイルも一緒にdistディレクトリに吐き出されてしまう。この挙動により、意図せずファイルの書き換えが発生することがあるので、jsonをimportするときは書き換えられても良いものかどうか確認すること。書き換えされて欲しくない場合は、importで読み込むのではなく、`fs.readFileSync`などの関数を使って読み込むようにすればよい。
### コンポーネントのスタイル定義でmarginを持たせない
コンポーネント自身がmarginを設定するのは問題の元となることはよく知られている
marginはそのコンポーネントを使う側が設定する
## その他
### HTMLのクラス名で follow という単語は使わない
広告ブロッカーで誤ってブロックされる
### indexというファイル名を使うな
ESMではディレクトリインポートは廃止されているのと、ディレクトリインポートせずともファイル名が index だと何故か一部のライブラリ?でディレクトリインポートだと見做されてエラーになる